Green building involves paying attention to tricks and techniques that would help build both safe and sustainable structures. Many studies have shown that the buildings play a big role in polluting the environment. Statistics show that buildings in the U.S. are responsible for 39% of the nation’s total energy use, 38.9% of total carbon dioxide emissions, 71% of total electricity consumption, and 12% of the total water consumption.
Building green reduces these negative effects on the environment and at the same time delivers financial savings. These buildings are also healthier and return higher productivity rates. The concept works by making such structures that would use water, energy, and materials more efficiently. At the same time, these structures would reduce the negative effects on the environment through better design, site selection, operation, construction, and removal throughout the entire life cycle.
Here is how you can build sustainable structures and save the environment as well.
Selecting the Site
• Do not build in environmentally sensitive locations.
• Choose locations in close proximity of community resources, public transportation, etc.
• Consider reusing an existing foundation instead of building from scratch.
Material and Resources
It is important to use specific materials and resources throughout the building process. For instance:
• Choose sustainable construction material with characteristics like low or zero toxicity, low harmful air emissions, high recyclability, and high durability. It makes more sense to use sustainably harvested material for better effects.
• Build as small as you possibly can – this will help reduce the use of materials.
• Build up instead of out – a smaller footprint is less likely to leave serious effects on the land and environment.
• Consider waste recycling before and after construction.
Designing Your Property
The idea is to design your building in a way that it uses green products and promotes the use of natural resources. For instance:
• Opt for materials that can be renewed, reused, and recycled.
• Maximize insulation using seal ducts, weather strips, etc.
• Opt for energy-efficient appliances and high-performance windows.
• Choose equipment with ENERGY STAR label.
Protecting Water Resources
An important aspect of green building is to preserve water throughout the construction process, and even after that.
• Take steps to manage run off and sedimentation to leave no effect on storm water systems.
• Limit long-term energy and water use by designing the landscape around the building.
• Avoid water-intensive lawn areas, landscaping, and grasses.
• Opt for dual-flush or low-consumption toilets
• Opt for low-flow faucets and plumbing fixtures.
• Design rainwater collection systems and, if possible, build grey water recycling systems.
What’s more, green buildings are also efficient because they use eco-friendly lighting, Energy Star windows, programmable thermostats, and water conserving fixtures. They also utilize geothermal energy and solar energy to limit negative effect on the environment.